ASP.NET MVC 3: Global action filters
ASP.NET MVC 3 supports global action filters. Global action filters are applied to all actions in web application. By example, you can use global action filters for common security checks. In this posting I will show you how to write dummy action filter, register it as global and test it.
You can find source code of this example from Visual Studio 2010 experiments repository at GitHub.
Example is located in Experiments.AspNetMvc3NewFeatures.GlobalActionFilters project.
Creating action filter
Let’s start with our primitive action filter that is able in some cases ruin page layout for IE. Am I evil? Yes, I am! But I want this example to work on IIS and Cassini both so let’s make something trivial.
public class MyActionFilterAttribute : ActionFilterAttribute
public override void OnResultExecuting(ResultExecutingContext context)
context.RequestContext.HttpContext.Response.Write("<!-- Buuu! -->");
All this evil filter does is it writes string <!—Buuu! –> to response stream, so it is the first line of output.
Now open one of your ASP.NET MVC projects and run it. It does not matter if you run it on IIS or Cassini (ASP.NET development web server). If you look at page source you should see usual HTML there. Something like you see on image on right.
Registering global action filter
Now, without touching any controller let’s put our evil Buuu! in place. Open global. asax and modify Application_Start event so it looks like follows.
protected void Application_Start()
// Register global filter
Compile your project and run application again. Now you should see output like this.
Without any additional modification to controllers and their methods we got our action filter work for all controllers. You can surf around your site and for every request you should see now my evil message.
Global application filters are powerful and easy to use features. You can use global filters for different purposes like establishing global security policies and controlling output. Of course, you may find many other uses for global action filters. ASP.NET MVC makes is very easy to register filters at global level and I think it is another great addition to MVC framework.