Gunnar Peipman's ASP.NET blog

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Using Moq to mock ASP.NET MVC HttpContextBase

Here’s my little example about how to use Moq to mock HttpContextBase and it’s members to make controller tests pass. You can use this code when you are not allowed to use open-source or use-on-your-own-risk pieces of software that provide you this kind on initialization using built-in features. Also it is good exercise that introduces you how to solve mocking problems.

Here’s the simple example to get started.

var controller = new MyController();


var server = new Mock<HttpServerUtilityBase>(MockBehavior.Loose);

var response = new Mock<HttpResponseBase>(MockBehavior.Strict);


var request = new Mock<HttpRequestBase>(MockBehavior.Strict);            

request.Setup(r => r.UserHostAddress).Returns("");


var session = new Mock<HttpSessionStateBase>();

session.Setup(s => s.SessionID).Returns(Guid.NewGuid().ToString());


var context = new Mock<HttpContextBase>();

context.SetupGet(c => c.Request).Returns(request.Object);

context.SetupGet(c => c.Response).Returns(response.Object);

context.SetupGet(c => c.Server).Returns(server.Object);

context.SetupGet(c => c.Session).Returns(session.Object);


controller.ControllerContext = new ControllerContext(context.Object,
new RouteData(), controller);

Same way you can also mock other members of HttpContextBase.

Posted: Jul 16 2011, 12:52 PM by DigiMortal | with 5 comment(s)
Filed under: , ,


Calum said:


Nice post. Good timing :) was just thinking about how to do this.

So your Mocking the HttpContextBase without a creating a wrapper for it? Do you have a larger example available maybe a sample project that has the controller code?



# July 16, 2011 9:54 AM

Zeb said:

What is the ControllerContext ?  And the namespace ?

re: new ControllerContext(context.Object,

                                  new RouteData(), controller);

# August 3, 2011 9:00 PM

Zeb said:

Do you have an example of how to use this code ?

# August 3, 2011 9:06 PM

Bjørn Otto Vasbotten said:

Hi, thanks for this sample, was just what I needed.

@Zeb: Just instantiate your own controller in the first line, and remember to add the System.Web.Routing namespace in your using statements.

# January 18, 2012 12:05 PM