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ASP.NET 4.5 Preview: Using model binding to display data

ASP.NET Forms 4.5 Preview introduces us model binding for web forms. Web developers who are familiar with ASP.NET MVC already know what model binding is and how powerful it is. Model binding means framework ability to construct objects of known types using values from presentation layer. In this posting I will show you how to use model binding with ASP.NET Forms 4.5.

Sample data

Before going on with examples let’s create some test data too. Let’s define class Product as follows.


public class Product

{

    public int Id { get; set; }

    public string Name { get; set; }

    public decimal Price { get; set; }

}


We need more than one product and to avoid creating database or doing other complex things we define simple method that returns us list of products.


private IList<Product> GetProductList()

{

    return new[]{

        new Product { Id=1, Name="Heineken", Price=0.88m },

        new Product { Id=2, Name="Skopsko", Price=0.97m },

        new Product { Id=3, Name="Gambrinus", Price=0.63m },

        new Product { Id=4, Name="Lapin Kulta", Price=0.92m },

        new Product { Id=5, Name="Rock", Price=1.1m }

    };

}


That’s enough for preparation work. You can use this method also as static method of Product class.

Strongly typed controls

Previous versions of ASP.NET Forms used reflection on data source objects to read values from objects they were bound to. Web is full of examples about how to bind DataTable to GridView or Repeater and so on. With strongly typed controls ASP.NET Forms makes step closer to object orientation in presentation layer.

Let’s define strongly typed Repeater that shows us list of products.


<asp:Repeater 
       
runat="server" ID="Repeater1"
       
ModelType="WebApplication45.Product" 
       
SelectMethod="GetProducts">
    <HeaderTemplate>
        <table>
        <tr>
        <th>ID</th>
        <th>Name</th>
        <th>Price</th>
        </tr>
    </HeaderTemplate>
    <ItemTemplate>
        <tr>
        <td><%# Item.Id %></td>
        <td><%# Item.Name %></td>
        <td><%# Item.Price %></td>
        </tr>
    </ItemTemplate>
    <FooterTemplate>
        </table>
    </FooterTemplate>
</asp:Repeater>

Note the following things:

  1. ASP.NET Forms 4.5: Strongly typed web controls support IntelliSenseThere is new ModelType property we can use to specify type of data item.
     
  2. There is new SelectMethod property that specifies the method to call when repeater wants to load data.
     
  3. To show data in different templates we can use Item property that is strongly typed and – of course – IntelliSense is also supported. You can see IntelliSense in action on screenshot on right.

Now let’s see how SelectMethod works.

Select method

Select method is expected to return us result of type IQueryable<ModelType>. If our data source returns something else we can usually use LINQ extension methods to convert our source data to IQueryable. In our case GetProducts() method is defined as follows.


public IQueryable<Product> GetProducts()

{

    return GetProductList().AsQueryable();

}


SelectMethod allows us to do much more but for this example it is enough.

After running our ASP.NET Forms solution we will see product table like this.

ASP.NET Forms 4.5: Strongly typed Repeater in action

Conclusion

Repeater is not the only strongly typed control available in ASP.NET 4.5 – there are many other familiar controls that have support for strongly typed data. In this posting we saw that defining strongly typed web controls is easy. It is also easy to provide data to these controls using data selecting method. SelectMethod is more powerful than you can see here but this is the topic of some other (hopefully interesting) posting.

Posted: Oct 13 2011, 01:14 PM by DigiMortal | with 3 comment(s)
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Comments

Bimalvv said:

Is it possible to bind a method from different class other than from codebehind(for example Model class) to SelectMethod property

# March 20, 2012 11:04 PM