The new "in" thing for web development: get rid of the query string

After I commented yesterday about MSNBC.com's site redesign, Robert McLaws had the wisdom to point out that the site's URLs are now in the following format: http://msnbc.msn.com/id/3695726/, making each story look like its own subdirectory.

In similar fashion, I've also taken note that Steve Smith at ASPAlliance also recently migrated his site's URL convention, lopping off the query string for user-submitted articles: http://aspalliance.com/324

After having migrated my own site to ASP.NET, I now use a convention that MSNBC previously used, employing my database’s ID field as the disguised filename: http://www.kuam.com/news/3457.aspx.  The facilities within ASP.NET for handling dynamically rewriting a path (namely, the RewitePath() method) make pulling this off incredibly easy. 

This draws to light a new theme that seems to be popping up more and more within the web development community, in particular from ASP.NET-driven sites: ridding oneself of the query string.  It would appear that site designers are now considering the cosmetic appeal of a URL as part of the site's total usability, and an Internet address' psychological effect on the user. 

Perhaps this infers that a user's thought pattern might be that if a URL is messy and complex, the site will be, too?

It seems that people are finally catching on to a principle that as a marketing guy, I've held since the first day I saw it: that query string-based URLs are really ugly.  Using one or more appended name/value pairs in a site's URL is incredibly hard to remember, and the values that were once extracted can now be accessed and persisted in other places just as well (Cache API, Session, ViewState).  I recall how people flocked to adding query string values to their URLs circa 1997 - whether they really needed them, or not - just to look advanced, shying away from plain 'ol “/directory/filename.html”. 

Apparently, people are starting to realize the promotional potential and KISS charm in simple page addressing schemes.  Good to see.

85 Comments

  • Whenever I had to build an app that made heavy use of query strings, I'd pop it up in a window with no address bar after login. Then they couldn't fudge with the app if they knew what they were doing.

  • Sweet. I did the same thing on numberous occasions - although a few crafty users were able to point it out from getting into IE's History folder and hovering over the page title.



    Even though it's quite frequently recommended, I'm not a big fan of <input type="HIDDEN"/>.

  • I would like to add that it's not only the appealing part of the query string that drives site builders to using 'friendly querystrings' but also the fact that search engines treat these url's as directory indexes thus successfully indexing them in contarary to the bla.asp?foo=bar pages.



    That was the original concept behind the Apache MultiViews trick anyway, not sure if the search engines have become smarter nowadays,



    - Cheers

  • Hiding your address bar is by no means foolproof - Ctrl-N pops up a new window with default settings, including the address bar; if you're relying on hiding a querystring like ?superuseradmin=false, it's not tough to get around that.



    We used a similar url rewriting technique on a CMS driven website recently - it's nice for other reasons, too. Search engines and website traffic analysis tools (webtrends, etc.), can catagorize by folder locations (even though they're virtual) a lot better than by querystrings, usually.

  • Hi Waseem,



    Thanks for the tip...I'd read before that there were certain search engine advantages advantages to not using the query string. :)

  • I don't think Google will spider URLs based on querystring...

  • Hi Tim,



    When my site's former naming convetion used ID columns in the query string, Google would index them this way, but it was sporadic. I think your chances will be better faking a filename or directory.

  • hi,



    I always wandered how to do the "get rid of the querystring" thing.



    does anyone knows how ?



    kem

  • H, Kemal



    Here's a sample, borrowed from Steve Walther's seminal work "ASP.NET Unleashed", which runs in the Application_Request event of your web app's GLOBAL.ASAX file:



    public void Application_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)

    {

    string currentPath;

    string customPath;



    currentPath = Request.Path.ToLower();

    if(currentPath.IndexOf("/content/") > 0 && System.IO.Path.GetExtension(currentPath) == ".aspx")

    {

    // the request is within the /CONTENT/ directory, so re-write the URL to appear to be a filename, rather than a URL with a query string.

    customPath = String.Format("/mysite/content/templatefile.aspx?headline={0}",System.IO.Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(Request.Path));

    Context.RewritePath(customPath);

    }

    }

  • *gulp*



    Excuse the messed up links, I should have noted that .Text doesn't permit html in comments :/



  • If you can change the 404 page used on your site to a .aspx page, you can effectively have the .net framework process any path you want (as long as that path doesn't actually exist).



    You could use this to have your asp.net pages look like .html pages or directories, or anything you like :



    protected void Application_BeginRequest(Object sender, EventArgs e)

    {

    string strPath=Request.RawUrl;



    if(strPath.IndexOf("404.aspx") > 0 && strPath.IndexOf("mypage.html") > 0)

    {

    Context.RewritePath("realpage.aspx");

    }



    }



    This would translate any request with the string mypage.html in it to the page realpage.aspx.



  • if you're relying on hiding a querystring like ?superuseradmin=false, it's not tough to get around that.
    That was the original concept behind the Apache MultiViews trick anyway, not sure if the search engines have become smarter nowadays,

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