Shrink Virtual Hard Disk Image (VHD and VHDX) Files

Virtual hard disk image files (VHD and VHDX files) grow bigger during the usage. For instance, this is a 20G virtual disk file for a Windows XP virtual machine:

image

But the actual storage usage is only 5.3GB (19.9GB total space – 14.6GB free space):

image

Hyper-v Manager provides a button to compact the virtual hard drive:

image

However, it never worked directly. After spending time to try around, the following are the steps truly workable.

Delete files in VHD/VHDX

First of all, delete whatever not needed in the virtual machine. For example, in this Windows XP virtual machine, these entries can be cleared:

  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temp\*
  • C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Temporary Internet Files\*
  • C:\WINDOWS\$*
  • C:\WINDOWS\SoftwareDistribution\Download\*
  • C:\WINDOWS\System32\dllcache\*
  • C:\WINDOWS\Temp\*
  • etc.

Also, WinDirStat is very helpful to identify the sizes of directories/files:

image

Defrag the partitions

After cleaning up inside the VHD/VHDX, the next step is defragment. The built in defragment tool in Windows is not powerful enough for the purpose of shrinking. PerfectDisk (30 days free trail) could be a nice option:

image

Start defragment by clicking “Prep for Shrink”. When it is done, click “Boot Time Defrag”:

image

Then virtual machine will be restarted, system files and page files will be defragged:

image

Shrink the partitions

In Windows XP virtual machine, the built in Disk Management Tool cannot shrink the partition. Paragon Partition Manager (free edition) can do that:

image

Reboot is required again:

image

After reboot, it will be done:

image

Other tools, like MiniTool Partition Manager, Disk Genius (Chinese language), etc., should also work.

Shrink the VHD/VHDX files

This is the most tricky part. There are several options:

  1. Use built-in Hyper-v Manager to shrink VHD/VHDX files of a virtual machine.
    image
  2. Use VHD Resizer to change the size. It only works for VHD, not VHDX.
  3. Use PowerShell command to shrink VHD/VHDX files:
    Resize-VHD –Path .\dixinyan-vmxp.vhdx –ToMinimumSize

Unfortunately, none of these can work for above virtual hard disk of this Windows XP virtual machine. After trying things around, the following approach works:

  • When shrinking a VHDX, Convert it to VHD then convert it back to VHDX.
  • When shrinking a VHD, convert it to VHDX then convert it back to VHD.

In PowerShell:

Convert-VHD -Path .\dixinyan-vmxp.vhdx -DestinationPath .\dixinyan-vmxp.vhd
Convert-VHD -Path .\dixinyan-vmxp.vhd -DestinationPath .\dixinyan-vmxp.min.vhdx

Finally, The VHDX is shrunk from 20GB to 6GB:

image

87 Comments

  • I use gost32 in the host to copy the disk content to a new vhd file (2 vhd files are attached via disk management - windows 7 and later)

  • @Israel Does it shrink the VHD size?

  • Eventually - yes.
    If you have two VHD files (with the same maximum size or not), when you use gost32 to copy disk to disk the new VHD file will grow to the real data size even the old VHD file now larger than the real data.
    This behavior because the gost32 doesn't really copy byte-by-byte...
    In fact it is the same of disk shrinking but please note you have enough free space on the physical disk that contains the new VHD.

  • Are there version for iMac?

  • In Windows XP virtual machine, the built in Disk Management Tool cannot shrink the partition

  • thanks for sharing.

  • very great site to see...well done!!!
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  • Thanks Dixin. This article was concise and comprehensive. I'm trying to wrap my head around Hyper-V for my MCSA exams and it's hard to find good, free resources. Your blog and this Android app contain the most helpful info I've found so far - https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.abians.exam70_410&referrer=utm_source%3D24

  • thast greats

  • hello . thnaks fur website
    nice post

  • nice post

  • 找到一个靠谱的文章真不容易,不过我的server2012 R2没有 Shrink 选项,只有前三个

  • Here's a quick and easy way to do it.

    1. Install Macrium Reflect free in your VM
    2. Do the usual disk tidying etc first, then shut down the VM
    3. Using Hyper-V create a new VHDX disk and attach it to the VM
    3. Restart the VM and start Macrium Reflect
    4. Click the main disk, then click "Clone this disk" and clone to new disk (takes about 8 mins for 14GB)
    5. When complete, shut down VM and attach only the new disk
    6. Restart the VM and test it.

  • its very good

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  • Shirinking the VHDX via converting might be my last option...
    All other ways doesn't work...
    fxxk MS.

  • tanx for shar

  • The instructions for shrinking a vhd don't work, because convertig the vhd to vhdx will create a vhdx of type 'fixed'. You can check this with Get-VHD and the minimumsize will be equal to it's current size.

    What works is using the Hyper-V wizard to convert it to a vhdx of type 'Dynamic' or add option "-VHDType Dynamic" to the first Convert-VHD command. The vhdx file of dynamic will be shrinked to minimum size.

  • < a href=http://www.technoblink.com/technology/windows-10-disk-defragmenter/> Windows 10 Disk defragmenter</a>, like Windows 8 and Windows 7 before it, automatically defragments files for you on a schedule. However, it doesn’t always run consistently, so if you notice files are taking longer to load or you just want to double-check every month or so, you can see how fragmented the drive is in <a href=http://www.technoblink.com/technology/windows-10-disk-defragmenter/> Windows10</a>.

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  • مراحل ثبت شرکت


    شرکت ها به منظور انسجام فعالیت های چند شریک و با اهداف مختلف ثبت می شوند و دلیل وجود انواع مختلف شرکت نیز همین موضوع است . در ایران ثبت شرکت نزد اداره ثبت شرکتها انجام داده می شود .

    حداقل اعضا برای ثبت یک شرکت دو نفر می باشد و یک نفر به تنهایی قادر به ثبت شرکت نیست . برای شرکت در مناقصات و اخذ پروژه هایی که کارفرمای آنها دولتیست شخص حقیقی قادر به اخذ مناقصه نیست و میبایست تحت عنوان شرکت یا شخصیت حقوقی شرکت کنند . بیشترین عناوین ثبت شرکت ، شرکت سهامی خاص ، شرکت با مسئولیت محدود و شرکت دانش بنیان میباشند .

    برای سرعت بخشیدن به کارها می توان شرکت های آماده خریداری کرد . تمامی مشخصات شرکت قابل تغییر میباشد مانند نام ، آدرس و …. تنها مورد غیر قابل تغییر عنوان شرکت میباشد مانند تبدیل شرکت با مسئولیت محدود به شرکت سهامی خاص و …. .

    امروزه با استفاده از دانش افراد خبره در زمینه ثبت شرکت ، مشکلات به حداقل رسیده است . در این مقاله چگونگی ثبت شرکت ، موضوعات قابل ثبت و هزینه و زمان ثبت بررسی شده است .





    ثبت شرکت

    چگونگی ثبت شرکت


    برای ثبت شرکت در ابتدا متقاضی میبایست نوع ثبت خود را اعم از شرکت ، موسسه و … مشخص و پذیرش خود را آغاز کند . بر اساس آن مدارک و مراحل ثبتی را طی کند بعد از پذیرش نهایی به متقاضی شماره پیگیری داده می شود و بعد از پذیرش امکان ویرایش وجود ندارد .

    اولین اقدام در اداره ثبت شرکت ها کارشناسی تایید نام است و بعد از تایید نام مدارک  از طریق پست برای اداره ثبت شرکت ارسال می شود . فرصت ارسال مدارک محدود و حد اکثر سه روز می باشد . بهتر است قبل از اقدام به ثبت شرکت مدارکات و مجوزات بعضی از موضوعات فعالیت که نیاز به مجوز دارند و سوپیشینه ها آماده باشد تا در روند کار با مشکلی مواجه نشود .بعد از ارسال و کارشناسی اگر ایرادی از طرف کارشناس وجود نداشته باشد ، ابلاغیه برای مراجعه و مطالعه پیش نویس آگهی و پرداخت وجوه ثبتی صادر میشود .

    برای ثبت شرکت باید نام مناسب اتخاذ نمود . نام شرکت میبایست کاملا فارسی و معنا دار باشد ، تکراری نباشد و از اسم خاص در آن استفاده شده باشد و نوشتن اعداد فقط به صورت حروف مجاز است .



    راهنمای ثبت شرکت


    در رابطه با نام شرکت نام هایی که نیاز به مجوز دارند میباست ابتدا مجوز آنها اخذ گردد و بعد از آن اقدام به ثبت شرکت نمود . نام هایی که تایید و ثبت آگهی می شوند مهلت آنها نامحدود است ولی اگر آگهی نشوند فقط ۳ ماه تاریخ اعتبار دارند . این مدت برای شرکت های با عنوان سهامی عام ۶ ماه میباشد . حق تقدم نام های ثبت شده با توجه به تاریخ ثبت آنها می باشد که این حق بعد از انحلال و تصفیه منقضی می شود . نام انتخاب شده بعد از تایید قابل انتقال نمی باشند .

    اگر تفاوت نام پیشنهادی با نامی که قبلاً به ثبت رسیده است فقط در پسوند جمع یا حذف آن باشد قابل ثبت نیست .واژه های گمراه کننده ای که شبیه نام ثبت شده دیگر باشند قابل ثبت نیست .

    نام یا نام اختصاری که رسما برای دولت باشد مثل ایران ، کشور ، ناجا و نداجا فقط با ارائه مجوز از مقام دولتی که دارای صلاحیت می باشد ، قابل ثبت است .



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  • نکات مهم ثبت شرکت
    برای ثبت شرکت حداقل وجود دو نفر الزامیست .
    افرادی که برای هیئت مدیره و مدیر عامل تعیین میشوند نباید سوپیشینه داشته باشند
    و.....

  • آدرس در ثبت شرکت
    آدرس شرکت یکی  از ارکان مهم در ثبت شرکت می باشد که باید تاییدیه آن را نیز از اداره پست دریافت نمود .آدرس ارائه شده به سازمان ثبت شرکت ها میبایست تجاری باشد و در صورت استیجاری بودن قرارداد رسمی آن قابل ارائه باشد .برای ثبت شعبه هر استان باید به صورت مجزا در همان استان ثبت شود و فقط ثبت در مرجع مورد تایید نیست.

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  • راهنمای ثبت شرکت
    در رابطه با نام شرکت نام هایی که نیاز به مجوز دارند میباست ابتدا مجوز آنها اخذ گردد و بعد از آن اقدام به ثبت شرکت نمود . نام هایی که تایید و ثبت آگهی می شوند مهلت آنها نامحدود است ولی اگر آگهی نشوند فقط ۳ ماه تاریخ اعتبار دارند . این مدت برای شرکت های با عنوان سهامی عام ۶ ماه میباشد . حق تقدم نام های ثبت شده با توجه به تاریخ ثبت آنها می باشد که این حق بعد از انحلال و تصفیه منقضی می شود . نام انتخاب شده بعد از تایید قابل انتقال نمی باشند .

    https://nikepars.com/%D8%AB%D8%A8%D8%AA-%D8%B4%D8%B1%DA%A9%D8%AA/

  • چگونگی ثبت شرکت
    برای ثبت شرکت در ابتدا متقاضی میبایست نوع ثبت خود را اعم از شرکت ، موسسه و … مشخص و پذیرش خود را آغاز کند . بر اساس آن مدارک و مراحل ثبتی را طی کند بعد از پذیرش نهایی به متقاضی شماره پیگیری داده می شود و بعد از پذیرش امکان ویرایش وجود ندارد .

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  • مراحل ثبت شرکت
    امروزه با استفاده از دانش افراد خبره در زمینه ثبت شرکت ، مشکلات به حداقل رسیده است . در این مقاله چگونگی ثبت شرکت ، موضوعات قابل ثبت و هزینه و زمان ثبت بررسی شده است .

  • that was good
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  • I have also written on this topic, and have found that it is pretty easy to compact vdisks from within a command prompt using diskpart. I prefer the method below. I like the fact that you don’t need to shrink partitions in your vdisk and you don’t even need to zero out unused disk space.

    From an elevated command prompt type:

    diskpart
    select vdisk file=”C:\Hyper-V\sampledrive.vhdx”
    attach vdisk readonly
    compact vdisk
    detach vdisk
    exit

    This process reduced the size of my Master Image from 24GB to 15GB and takes seconds. It may sound too good to be true but I would be very happy to hear back from you if it worked for you. The article I published on the matter is at: https://www.alaskacomputerguy.com/category/howto/how-to-compact-vhdx

  • <p><a title="ثبت شرکت" href="https://www.mashhoor.ir"><!-- ####### YAY, I AM THE SOURCE EDITOR! #########--></a></p>
    <h1 style="color: #5e9ca0;"><a title="ثبت شرکت" href="https://www.mashhoor.ir">ثبت شرکت</a></h1>

  • ثبت برند

  • طلاق توافقی

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  • مشاوره حقوقی

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  • ثبت انحلال شرکت

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  • استعلام برند

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  • Thanks for this post.

  • good job

  • great job

  • great job

  • i like it

  • انجام خدمات لیزر موهای زائد

  • مدل مانتو مجلسی

  • Very good article.

  • <a href="https://fannisazan.com" target="_blank">آموزش تعمیرات موبایل</a>

  • Thanks for this great post.

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